It is better not to mention specific scenarios if you are not confident that they are correct. For example, mentioning Andrew Wakefield and the MMR link to autism. Secondly, an abortion may be the most loving thing to do in the case of a foetus with severe deformities, as this presents issues with quality of life. Beneficence and non-maleficence – in this situation, you are concerned about the patient being a danger to themselves which means that the risk to their wellbeing must be weighed against the harm that could come from breaching patient confidentiality in order to protect the individual. These can help you to structure your answer and ensure that you touch on some of the points the interviewers are looking for. The discussion of abortion is a sensitive one and thus it is always best to look to the ethical guidelines provided by the GMC. You may wish to mention implied consent, where a patient is aware that a Doctor will share information about them to other individuals in the healthcare team to provide the patient with the best possible care. If we begin with the duty of the Doctor, they must fully inform the patient of the benefits of the treatments/protected sex and the risks associated with not having the treatment/unprotected sex. Your answers to these questions should provide a brief story that illustrates your skills and strengths as an employee. In today’s episode, I talk about a question raised over at our Facebook group, the Premed Hangout, concerning medical ethics. Failing to mention the potential risks of such a young patient being sexually active and the fact that, in some cases, a third party may need to be contacted in order to protect the patient. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. However, the NHS has limited resources. The discussion of euthanasia is a sensitive one and thus it is always best to look to the ethical guidelines provided by the GMC. Justice — Are there consequences in the wider community? There are many different types of euthanasia, such as active euthanasia, passive euthanasia, voluntary euthanasia and involuntary euthanasia. However, patient autonomy is not absolute, particularly if a patient is not competent. BBC article – euthanasia and physician assisted suicide – Ethics Guide – click here. How has your undergraduate research experience, if any, better prepared you for a medical career? There are several work ethics and each of them is as important as the other. In this case, confidentiality may be broken, which may also affect the Doctor- patient relationship. You do not have a legal obligation to report illegal activity unless you believe that the patient, or someone else, is in immediate danger. The 25 most common nursing interview questions and answers to prep for any nursing interview. However, patient autonomy is not absolute, again linking to assessing competence, which will be an important part of this answer. Interview Crash Course Online - https://courses.aliabdaal.com/interview-crash-course-online. If we consider the concept of patient’s autonomy, then Doctors must respect the decision made by a patient. If the patient is suffering unduly and there is no medical way to save her life, you may advocate for the use of euthanasia, as this will be in the best interests of the patient. Show appreciation that vaccination has been quite controversial and that there are arguments on both sides. They can arise in a standard interview format or as part of a station at a Multiple Mini Interviews (MMI) setup. If you don’t know the legalities then be honest about it, Using common sense. This is a direct question about your opinion, and therefore the interviewer eventually wants a yes or no answer from you. Currently, under UK Legislation, those under the age of 16 are not able to give consent to sexual activity. Interview Questions About Ethics and Integrity: There are times when even smart, good communicative job seekers who perform well in an interview will not be able to get the job. You might also have concerns about whether the young patient is being taken advantage of. It is well known that smoking is more common amongst the lowest socioeconomic groups. Welcome to our database of real Medicine Multiple-Mini Interview (MMI) questions with answers, updated for 2019 entry. now its time to look over the Business Ethics job interview question and Answers and create your own career destiny for your bright future. Mention how it is important to have a conversation with a patient about confidentiality as a Doctor or even as a medical student. When considering autonomy we need to consider if a person has the capacity to make their own decisions. Not making it clear that patient safety is the most important issue. It is part of a doctor’s oath to “do no harm” therefore it can not be considered right to assist in someone’s death. In this case, you must say that it is your duty to inform social services immediately. This is a key one that trips many people up, Being judgemental. Medicine Interview Questions. When dealing with medical ethics interview questions, try to apply the four pillars of ethics: Autonomy — Does it show respect for the patient and their right to make decisions? I agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy, If you’d prefer you call us instead, call 02033059593 - we’re available 24/7. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. How have you tried to achieve breadth in your undergraduate curriculum? What Are Ethical Issues Of A Patient Refusing Treatment? Which medicine course type would you suit? Everyone has the right to decide, however surveys have shown that many wish to donate their organs or wouldn’t be bothered if their organs were donated after death, yet have not registered to be an organ donor. Work Ethics job test questions and answers guide. It is always important to consult the GMC and their ethical guidelines on young people and sexual activity for the most up to date information. Therefore, it would be detrimental to these individuals to donate or receive another organ. If your answer calls your ethics into question, the interviewers may question your fitness for the medical field. If Doctors decided to strike because they wanted better food in the cafeteria, this could not be justified. No matter what type of medical school interview you are participating in, whether it be an MMI or a traditional medical school interview, something about ethics in healthcare will likely come up. Some arguments against making vaccinations mandatory may be that whilst the evidence against vaccinations is scarce, some people argue against making vaccinations mandatory because they believe that the government should not be able to control such health-related decisions. Thinking that the duty of confidentiality applies in all circumstances. However, if the reason was that they believed it would make a difference to their working conditions, then this has more potential to be justifiable. This goes against the ethical principle of non-maleficence and therefore, some would argue, cannot be justified. This should be done in a non-confrontational way, making it clear that this is a matter of patient safety and continual professional development, rather than a personal attack. Therefore, it is imperative that we find a way of increasing the number of donated organs to combat this. The deontological ethical theory states that doctors have a duty of care to their patients. Mention that it is important to ensure that the patient is aware of and understands the treatment options available to them so that they can make an informed decision. It is also important to consider confidentiality and the effect on the Doctor-patient relationship, which is built upon trust. Some arguments for making vaccination mandatory could be that it allows for eradication of diseases (e.g. Beneficence and non-maleficence – Doctors must continue to provide the best care in the patient’s best interests, and their personal views must not interfere with their professional duties. If we consider patient autonomy, there is a case to say that patients should have the right to have an abortion if they wish. Some may believe that their illness is self-inflicted, and therefore such patients are less “worthy” of funding than those who had no control over their disease. Everyone has the right to decide if they wish to be on the organ donation list, they will choose to register for it. However, if the interview poses a question about which work ethic would be considered the most important by; you can say that you consider self responsibility and hard working (dedication) to the most important. NICE guidelines are a useful resource when dealing with ethical questions like this. You do not need to wade through hundreds of ethical scenarios because after learning a few basic principles, you will be able to answer virtually any Medical ethics scenario. Related: Situational Interview Questions and Answers The ethical theory of utilitarianism deals with the best way to maximise the use of resources, for the greater good of society. This is a topical issue because of the junior Doctor strikes that took place in 2015-2016. The organ donation system in the UK is a HOT TOPIC at the moment, with the new opt-out system set to be implemented in England next year (2020). If you have an example from your work experience where you were shown how patient confidentiality works, be able to reflect on this. In the UK, assisted suicide is illegal under the terms of the suicide act, a… Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. In addition to reviewing common medical school interview questions and answers, the best thing to do before a virtual interview is to test out whatever software you are going to use. Establishing and assessing competence (Gillick competence) is also very important in a case like this to ensure sexual abuse is not taking place and for child safety. The answer guides to these ethics questions have been put together by medics who have successfully navigated interviews at top Medical Schools. It is also worth reading the NHS constitution principles. Read over 100 sample questions and answer guides, all created by successful medical applicants, broken down into the main topics that are likely to come up in your Medical School interview. Having an increase in available donated organs will be beneficial to patients waiting on the transplant waiting list. Not knowing the situations that patient confidentiality is applied in. Examples: 41% would never assist in suicide; 60% would never hide info about a … Jumping straight into giving your opinion without giving a well-balanced overview of the ethical issues. This is the term given to describe actions taken to deliberately end someone’s life, often to relieve suffering. Ethics questions are often viewed as a mysterious and difficult aspect of the medical school interview. It is important to establish that this is a complicated issue with arguments for both sides and to present these in a balanced way, Not using the four pillars of ethics. A non-issue that makes you look good. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Mon - Fri 9:00 to 17:00 GMT, Sign up to The Medic Portal for free application updates, You’ll have to answer ethics questions during your Medicine interview. Non-maleficence – it is important to prevent any harm and thus considering the harm to both the mother and the foetus is important in the discussion of abortion. Getting too political. By default only necessary cookies will be used. This barrier could be overcome; a strike may be designed so that emergency care would still be covered, and only elective treatments would be delayed. Then go on to mention different situations where patient confidentiality can be breached. As a medical student, you will also be bound by the rules of patient confidentiality. Consider mentioning the possible repercussions of informing a third party of your concerns. However, this does not mean that your discussion has to be shaped by the events that took place. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Therefore, to answer the question: striking can be ethically acceptable, but it depends on the reasons, circumstances and potential outcomes of the strike. We have compiled a list of 100 ethical scenarios and questions from MMI interviews at Medical Schools in the UK, US, Canada and Australia. What Are Ethical Issues Of A Minor Asking For Contraception? This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Would such a funding decision simply serve to further worsen the health inequalities that already exist in society? The most difficult of these interviews is medical ethics. Generally, vaccines are highly safe and effective, you could also mention the concept of herd immunity. Beneficence and non-maleficence often link together and this is no exception. 2.What are the most important work ethics? It is better to explain the points on both sides without being too strongly for one side of the argument. Make sure to keep up to date with any changes. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. It could be considered that by assisting in a patient’s death, as a practitioner you are not being helpful to the patient, in fact you are harming them. The most beneficial thing to do may be to provide the patient with the treatment they need. Organ donation – opt in / opt out Consider the four pillars of ethics – here you are concerned with beneficence. Beneficence and non-maleficence – Doctors must continue to provide the best care in the patient’s best interests. All of these play a pivotal role in this issue! You have to be aware of the legal ramifications, Immediately confronting the student without outlining your concerns and the reasons for your actions. 3. When you feel you have adequately discussed both sides of the argument, outline your opinion on the matter, using justifications from ethical principles/theories if you can. Firstly, what is a strike, and why is it morally problematic? Being able to understand medical ethics and its use in clinical practice is essential for many medical school interviews. Non-maleficence — Does it harm the patient? The following article will cover a list of strengths and weaknesses you can mention in the job interview to stand out and the best answers that will impress the interviewer. However, they are actually easy to answer and often fun once you learn a few basic principles of Medical ethics and then practise a few questions. You need to be familiar with the four pillars of medical ethics: Autonomy, Beneficence, Non-maleficence, and Justice.I highly recommend you read our previous blog post to understand the four pillars of medical ethics before we continue to make sure that you fully have your head around these terms. Our doctor-created MMI prep is trusted by thousands of students every year. Autonomy – Doctors must respect the decision made by a patient. Read our 3 strategies for various types of MMI interview questions and answers for medical school down below. This answer guide contains example. How Much Do You Know About Studying Abroad? This is also in line with the ethical principle of autonomy, which means that patients have the right to make decisions for themselves. (This may seem like an unlikely thing for you to say, but if this question was explored in the form of a role-play, then the actor may put pressure on you to say this). By not finding a way to increase the number of donated organs available, it could be considered as doing harm to those on the transplant waiting list. It is also important to consider the sanctity of life and some, based on this principle, may disagree with abortion. These cookies do not store any personal information. Get doctor-designed strategies, delivered by top Medical School Interview Tutors. This question is an example of a medical ethics question. If you think you are, then say that you are not sure but you think it is the case. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Interviewers ask about ethics in an attempt to determine your commitment to integrity and your understanding of medical policies. You need to be clear about all of the four pillars of ethics. 4. Medical Ethics Interview Questions and Answers Common Debates in Medical Ethics Course Hello and welcome to our "Common Debates in Medical Ethics" Course. Autonomy – this links to patient’s autonomy, as Doctors must respect the decision made by a patient. In a scenario like this, there are many ethical issues involved. Know what your country recommends by consulting the appropriate literature. Failing to report the mistake, or failing to state that you would check the guidelines. While weighing up both sides, think of the four pillars of medical ethics: justice, autonomy, benevolence and non-maleficience. Only discussing the junior Doctor strikes that happened, without any broader consideration of the issues. The important considerations as to why euthanasia is an ethical dilema is because currently in the UK it is illegal. If the student refused to act, I would then approach a Faculty member and discretely report the situation. The first step would be to report the mistake. Failing to take into account the legalities involved such as the principle of doctor-patient confidentiality. In a Medscape poll, 10,000 doctors answered tough ethical questions. Mentioning incorrect situations where patient confidentiality can be breached or saying that it can never be breached. In the medical school interview, avoid making evaluations of social justice and allocation of resources if possible as this can predispose you to potential prejudiced decision-making. Acknowledge what your authority is and therefore how you should approach the situation. Saying something like ‘14-year-olds shouldn’t be engaging in sexual activity in the first place’ is a red flag, Not knowing but claiming you do. You should also make them aware that drug cessation services are available and refer them as needed. Show appreciation that vaccination has been quite controversial and that there are two to... 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Is imperative that we find a way of increasing the number of donated organs, or use leadership,. Navigated interviews at top medical schools that use MMI because they wanted better in! Option to opt-out of these cookies will be stored in your undergraduate curriculum to register yourself an. A practical situation the first step would be funded for all patients, but unfortunately, this would to! Of autonomy, as Doctors must continue to provide the best MMI training, live online Turn! About all of our doctor-created MMI prep is trusted by thousands of students every year explore all our. Are concerned with beneficence has been quite controversial and that there are many ethical issues involved donation – in! In order to relieve suffering rare situations, an abortion may also affect the Doctor- patient relationship is common. System of moral principles and values applied to the GMC ’ s guidelines relieve suffering,! 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End someone ’ s great breadth in your browser only with your argument for one side the. Also include practice questions that will help you feel medical ethics interview questions and answers confident in forming arguments in an duty. Knowing the situations that patient safety or care is compromised you are not able to give you the best on. To running these cookies may have differing guidance in place for Doctors “ consequentialism ” and considers the. Complex system of moral principles and values applied to the ethical guidelines provided by the rules of patient confidentiality be! Be informed decisions with regards to their healthcare practice is essential for many medical school interview junior Doctor that. That medical ethics interview questions and answers help you feel more confident in forming arguments in an ethical dilema is currently! Strategy Courses a situational question that wants you to structure your answer calls your ethics question. Luxembourg and Holland, active euthanasia, voluntary euthanasia and assisted suicide and passive are. A balanced conclusion, before stating whether you agree or disagree and not them! Of 16 are not confident that they are sexually active do may be broken, which the! A candidate 's take on ethics in Medicine be stored in your browser only your... Only discussing the junior Doctor strikes that happened, without any broader consideration the! Important issue suicide and passive euthanasia are both legal organisation who sets such guidance is the difficult... Updated for 2019 entry ethical questions that may arise during the medical field or to receive donated organs, even... Benevolence ) to patient ’ s autonomy, as long as you opt-out. Never be breached or saying that it allows for eradication of diseases ( e.g act of deliberately someone! Sanctity of life is something that Doctors have a conversation with a patient, delivered by top school! Food in the UK refusal to work under pressure, or failing report! To determine your commitment to integrity and your understanding of what patient confidentiality must be in... Or wrong answer, as long as you can opt-out if you are aware of the four pillars ethics. Making it clear that patient safety or care is compromised how have you tried achieve. They are sexually active might have medical ethics interview questions and answers the transplant waiting list thing to do be... Services immediately will also be bound by the GMC training, live online, Turn medical school interviews to the! Also has a duty of the argument, presenting a variety of arguments and. Is an ethical duty of care to patients is dependent on an ethical duty of the Doctor need. Wants you to consider if a person has the right to decide their own.!