— The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos, or both such fine and imprisonment, shall be imposed upon any person who, having been duly summoned to attend as a witness before either House of the legislature, or before any committee thereof, refuses, without legal excuse, to obey such summons, or being present before any such body or committee, refuses to be sworn or placed under affirmation or to answer any legal inquiry or to produce any books, papers, documents, or records in his possession, when required by them to do so in the exercise of their functions. In case of temporary disqualification, such disqualification as is comprised in paragraphs 2 and 3 of this article shall last during the term of the sentence. Chapter TwoRAPE AND ACTS OF LASCIVIOUSNESS. Reasonable necessity of the means employed to prevent or repel it; Third. The penalty next higher in degree shall be imposed upon persons causing any disturbance or interruption of a tumultuous character. When the law prescribes a penalty for a crime in some manner not especially provided for in the four preceding rules, the courts, proceeding by analogy, shall impose corresponding penalties upon those guilty as principals of the frustrated felony, or of attempt to commit the same, and upon accomplices and accessories. 3. Civil Code of the Philippines (Pocket Size) Add to Compare. Fine. at 341-42. During the first two years of his imprisonment, he shall be allowed a deduction of five days for each month of good behavior; 2. A person over nine years of age and under fifteen, unless he has acted with discernment, in which case, such minor shall be proceeded against in accordance with the provisions of article 80 of this Code. Confiscation and forfeiture of the proceeds or instruments of the crime. - In all cases in which the law prescribes a single indivisible penalty, it shall be applied by the courts regardless of any mitigating or aggravating circumstances that may have attended the commission of the deed. That the crime be committed with the aid of armed men or persons who insure or afford impunity. - The penalty of reclusion temporal shall be from twelve years and one day to twenty years. - The penalty of arresto mayor in its medium period to prision correccional in its minimum period and a fine ranging from 300 to 1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon: 1. Article 296. - Any person who, owing allegiance to (the United States or) the Government of the Philippine Islands, not being a foreigner, levies war against them or adheres to their enemies, giving them aid or comfort within the Philippine Islands or elsewhere, shall be punished by reclusion temporal to death and shall pay a fine not to exceed P20,000 pesos. Intentional abortion. Any person who, having found lost property, shall fail to deliver the same to the local authorities or to its owner; 2. (Reinstated by E.O. — Any person who, by means of violence, shall seize anything belonging to his debtor for the purpose of applying the same to the payment of the debt, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum period and a fine equivalent to the value of the thing, but in no case less than 75 pesos. - The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon any manager, employee, or servant who, in such capacity, shall learn the secrets of his principal or master and shall reveal such secrets. Article 171. — A libel is a public and malicious imputation of a crime, or of a vice or defect, real or imaginary, or any act, omission, condition, status, or circumstance tending to cause the dishonor, discredit, or contempt of a natural or juridical person, or to blacken the memory of one who is dead. 5. The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine ranging from 200 to 2,000 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any person who, under the same circumstances, shall maintain or employ a totalizer or other device or scheme for betting on horse races or realizing any profit therefrom. For good conduct allowances which the culprit may earn while he is serving his sentence. Article 151. Article 310. ARTICLE 131. 2. ARTICLE 265. Formation, maintenance and prohibition of combination of capital or labor through violence or threats. 873, June 12, 1985). With treachery, taking advantage of superior strength, with the aid of armed men, or employing means to weaken the defense or of means or persons to insure or afford impunity. In all cases, persons guilty of malversation shall also suffer the penalty of perpetual special disqualification and a fine equal to the amount of the funds malversed or equal to the total value of the property embezzled. Arson of property of small value. If the entrance has been effected through any opening not intended for entrance or egress. ARTICLE 64. Fines and other corrective measures which, in the exercise of their administrative disciplinary powers, superior officials may impose upon their subordinates. Whenever the penalty prescribed does not have one of the forms specially provided for in this Code, the periods shall be distributed, applying by analogy the prescribed rules. As used in this article, the word "meeting" shall be understood to include a gathering or group, whether in a fixed place or moving. Prima facie evidence of arson. If the offense be committed in the night-time, or if any papers or effects not constituting evidence of a crime be not returned immediately after the search made by the offender, the penalty shall be prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods. Prisión mayor and temporary disqualification. However, if the penalty remitted by the granting of such pardon be higher than six years, the convict shall then suffer the unexpired portion of his original sentence. If said act is not of a serious nature, the penalty shall be arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos. - Any public officer or employee who, without legal grounds, detains a person, shall suffer; 1. If the robbery be committed in one of the dependencies of an inhabited house, public building, or building dedicated to religious worship, the penalties next lower in degree than those prescribed in this article shall be imposed. Any person who, in the heat of anger, shall orally threaten another with some harm not constituting a crime, and who by subsequent acts shows that he did not persist in the idea involved in his threat, provided that the circumstances of the offense shall not bring it within the provisions of article 282 of this Code. (b) The penalty of prision correccional in its maximum degree shall be imposed upon the maintainer, conductor, or banker in a game of jueteng or any similar game. Piracy in general and mutiny on the high seas. Article 209. Causing it to appear that persons have participated in any act or proceeding when they did not in fact so participate; 3. From 14 years, 8 months and 1 day to 17 years and 4 months. Article 245. - A fine, whether imposed as a single of as an alternative penalty, shall be considered an afflictive penalty, if it exceeds 6,000 pesos; a correctional penalty, if it does not exceed 6,000 pesos but is not less than 200 pesos; and a light penalty if it less than 200 pesos. - Any person who shall publish, exhibit, or cause the publication or exhibition of any defamation in writing or by similar means, shall be responsible for the same. Article 329. Mitigating Circumstances. That the crime be committed in the palace of the Chief Executive or in his presence, or where public authorities are engaged in the discharge of their duties, or in a place dedicated to religious worship. Reclusión Perpetua. Article 31. - Any person who, by reckless imprudence, shall commit any act which, had it been intentional, would constitute a grave felony, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prision correccional in its medium period; if it would have constituted a less grave felony, the penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum and medium periods shall be imposed; if it would have constituted a light felony, the penalty of arresto menor in its maximum period shall be imposed. Orders or requests by executive officers to any judicial authority. If the principal penalty imposed be prision correccional or arresto and fine, he shall remain under confinement until his fine referred to in the preceding paragraph is satisfied, but his subsidiary imprisonment shall not exceed one-third of the term of the sentence, and in no case shall it continue for more than one year, and no fraction or part of a day shall be counted against the prisoner. — Any public officer who shall continue to exercise the duties and powers of his office, employment or commission, beyond the period provided by law, regulations or special provisions applicable to the case, shall suffer the penalties of prisión correccional in its minimum period, special temporary disqualification in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos. Article 265. — The abduction of a virgin over twelve years and under eighteen years of age, carried out with her consent and with lewd designs, shall be punished by the penalty of prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods. - Criminal liability is extinguished partially: 3. Accessories Who are Exempt from Criminal Liability. Whenever any of the offenses described above is committed by a corporation or association, the president and each one of its agents or representatives in the Philippines in case of a foreign corporation or association, who shall have knowingly permitted or failed to prevent the commission of such offense, shall be held liable as principals thereof. Maltreatment of Prisoners. Slight illegal detention. Article 77. The penalty of prisión correccional in its medium and maximum periods, if the value of the thing stolen is more than 6,000 pesos but does not exceed 12,000 pesos. 2. — Any person who, by any act not constituting perjury, shall directly incriminate or impute to an innocent person the commission of a crime, shall be punished by arresto mayor. - Notwithstanding the provisions of the next preceding article, the principals, accomplices, and accessories, each within their respective class, shall be liable severally (in solidum) among themselves for their quotas, and subsidiaries for those of the other persons liable. Any person merely participating or executing the commands of others in a rebellion shall suffer the penalty of prisión mayor in its minimum period. The subsidiary liability shall be enforced, first against the property of the principals; next, against that of the accomplices, and, lastly, against that of the accessories. The offended party cannot institute criminal prosecution without including both the guilty parties, if they are both alive, nor, in any case, if he shall have consented or pardoned the offenders. Any person found loitering about public or semi-public buildings or places or trampling or wandering about the country or the streets without visible means of support; 3. - When in a tumultuous affray as referred to in the preceding article, only serious physical injuries are inflicted upon the participants thereof and the person responsible thereof cannot be identified, all those who appear to have used violence upon the person of the offended party shall suffer the penalty next lower in degree than that provided for the physical injuries so inflicted. Treason. For the purpose of applying the provisions of the next preceding paragraph the respective severity of the penalties shall be determined in accordance with the following scale: 11. The courts, considering the facts of the case, may likewise reduce by one degree the penalty which under article 51 should be imposed for an attempt to commit any of such crimes. Article 302. - Any person who shall assist another to commit suicide shall suffer the penalty of prision mayor; if such person leads his assistance to another to the extent of doing the killing himself, he shall suffer the penalty of reclusion temporal. Civil Interdiction. — Any person who, with intent to defraud another, by means of violence or intimidation, shall compel him to sign, execute or deliver any public instrument or document, shall be held guilty of robbery and punished by the penalties respectively prescribed in this Chapter. Article 307. Article 360. Serious Physical Injuries. Article 359. Immoral doctrines, obscene publications and exhibitions and indecent shows. 2. 2. If no damage or embarrassment to the public service has resulted, the penalty shall be a fine from 5 to 50 per cent of the sum misapplied. Abandoning a minor. Accomplices. ARTICLE 84. — The conspiracy and proposal to commit rebellion or insurrection shall be punished, respectively, by prisión correccional in its maximum period and a fine which shall not exceed 5,000 pesos, and by prisión correccional in its medium period and a fine not exceeding 2,000 pesos. — Any husband who shall keep a mistress in the conjugal dwelling, or, shall have sexual intercourse, under scandalous circumstances, with a woman who is not his wife, or shall cohabit with her in any other place, shall be punished by prisión correccional in its minimum and medium periods. A felony is consummated when all the elements necessary for its execution and accomplishment are present; and it is frustrated when the offender performs all the acts of execution which would produce the felony as a consequence but which, nevertheless, do not produce it by reason of causes independent of the will of the perpetrator. ARTICLE 68. Article 143. Prision mayor. ARTICLE 245. ARTICLE 27. OF THIS CODE, AND REGARDING THE OFFENSES, THE. By arresto mayor in its medium and maximum periods, when the damage caused does not exceed 50 pesos; 2. The Practice Commentary, published four years before the enactment of our modern burglary statute, is an integral part of the McKinney's volume containing the 1967 New York Revised Penal Code cited by the Colorado General Assembly in its comments to section 18-4-203. — The abduction of any woman against her will and with lewd designs shall be punished by reclusión temporal. Premature Marriages. Article 174. — The crime of rebellion or insurrection is committed by rising publicly and taking arms against the Government for the purpose of removing from the allegiance to said Government or its laws, the territory of the Philippine Islands or any part thereof of any body of land, naval or other armed forces, or of depriving the Chief Executive or the Legislature, wholly or partially, of any of their powers or prerogatives. Theft of the property of the National Library and National Museum. Civil Liability of Persons Guilty of Crimes Against Chastity. If any wall, roof, floor or outside door or window has been broken. Robbery of Cereals, Fruits, or Firewood in an Uninhabited Place or Private Building. — When three or more armed persons form a band of robbers for the purpose of committing robbery in the highway, or kidnapping persons for the purpose of extortion or to obtain ransom, for any other purpose to be attained by means of force and violence, they shall be deemed highway robbers or brigands. The offenses of seduction, abduction, rape or acts of lasciviousness, shall not be prosecuted except upon a complaint filed by the offended party or her parents, grandparents, or guardian, nor, in any case, if the offender has been expressly pardoned by the above named persons, as the case may be. - In imposing fines the courts may fix any amount within the limits established by law; in fixing the amount in each case attention shall be given, not only to the mitigating and aggravating circumstances, but more particularly to the wealth or means of the culprit. 2. (c) By taking undue advantage of the signature of the offended party in blank, and by writing any document above such signature in blank, to the prejudice of the offended party or any third person. 5. Article 91. 818 - AMENDING ARTICLE 315 OF THE REVISED PENAL CODE BY INCREASING THE PENALTIES FOR ESTAFA COMMITTED BY MEANS OF BOUNCING CHECKS PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. In the case of the minor, he shall be proceeded against in accordance with the provisions of Art. - In addition to the penalties prescribed in the provisions of Chapter Six, Title Ten, Book Two, of this Code, the penalty of temporary special disqualification in its maximum period to perpetual special disqualification shall be imposed upon any public officer who, taking advantage of his official position, shall commit any of the frauds or deceits enumerated in said provisions. 3. Should be liable for acts connected with the introduction into these islands of the obligations and securities mentioned in the preceding number; 4. Section Two. ARTICLE 346. Crimes punishable by other afflictive penalties shall prescribe in fifteen years. Prision correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P1,000 pesos, if the counterfeited coin be currency of a foreign country. Place of execution and persons who may witness the same. CRIMES AGAINST THE FUNDAMENTAL LAWS OF THE STATE, ARBITRARY DETENTION OR EXPULSION, VIOLATION OF DWELLING, PROHIBITION, INTERRUPTION, AND DISSOLUTION OF PEACEFUL MEETINGS AND CRIMES AGAINST RELIGIOUS WORSHIP, Section One. 2. ARTICLE 288. ARTICLE 280. Those mentioned in the preceding chapter, when all the requisites necessary to justify or to exempt from criminal liability in the respective cases are not attendant. Article 134. By the death of the convict, as to the personal penalties and as to pecuniary penalties, liability therefor is extinguished only when the death of the offender occurs before final judgment. The exemption established by this article shall not be applicable to strangers participating in the commission of the crime. Those who directly force or induce others to commit it; 3. 8. When there are two or more mitigating circumstances and no aggravating circumstances are present, the court shall impose the penalty next lower to that prescribed by law, in the period that it may deem applicable, according to the number and nature of such circumstances. Importation and sale of prohibited drugs. 7. ARTICLE 3. Illegal betting on horse race. ARTICLE 190. A trade-name or trade-mark is a word or words, name, emblem, sign, or device used as an advertisement, sign, label, poster or otherwise, for the purpose of enabling the public to distinguish the business of the person who owns and uses said trade-name or trade-mark. 3. — The bond to keep the peace shall be required to cover such period of time as the court may determine. ARTICLE 279. Whenever the liability in solidum or the subsidiary liability has been enforced, the person by whom payment has been made shall have a right of action against the others for the amount of their respective shares. 18. Flight to enemy country. Any convict of the class referred to in this article, who is not a habitual criminal, shall be pardoned at the age of seventy years if he shall have already served out his original sentence, or when he shall complete it after reaching the said age, unless by reason of his conduct or other circumstances he shall not be worthy of such clemency. 6. That the crime be committed in the palace of the Chief Executive, or in his presence, or where public authorities are engaged in the discharge of their duties, or in a place dedicated to religious worship. The same penalty shall be imposed upon any person who shall unlawfully sell or deliver to another prohibited drug. Revised Penal Code (Pocket Size) by RBSI. 8. — The penalty of reclusión temporal shall be imposed upon any person who shall kill his adversary in a duel. 3. - If there are two or more persons civilly liable for a felony, the courts shall determine the amount for which each must respond. Article 4. 3. - The penalty of prision mayor and a fine not to exceed P5,000 pesos shall be imposed upon any public officer, employee, or notary who, taking advantage of his official position, shall falsify a document by committing any of the following acts: 1. And, finally, any other circumstance of a similar nature and analogous to those above mentioned. — The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon: 1. — Any public officer who unlawfully leaves or attempts to leave the Philippine Islands without securing a certificate from the Insular Auditor showing that his accounts have been finally settled, shall be punished by arresto mayor, or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos, or both. - In all cases falling within the two next preceding articles, the person making the threats may also be required to give bail not to molest the person threatened, or if he shall fail to give such bail, he shall be sentenced to destierro. Repealing Clause. 2. - A deduction of one-fifth of the period of his sentence shall be granted to any prisoner who, having evaded the service of his sentence under the circumstances mentioned in Article 58 of this Code, gives himself up to the authorities within 48 hours following the issuance of a proclamation announcing the passing away of the calamity or catastrophe to in said article. Inciting to War or Giving Motives for Reprisals. ARTICLE 114. Any private individual who shall commit any of the falsifications enumerated in the next preceding article in any public or official document or letter of exchange or any other kind of commercial document; and. 3. (a) If the building burned is a public building and the value of the damage caused exceeds 6,000 pesos; (b) If an inhabited house or any other building in which people are accustomed to meet is set on fire, and the culprit did not know that such house or building was occupied at the time, or if he shall set fire to a moving freight train or motor vehicle, and the value of the damage caused exceeds 6,000 pesos. Violation of Neutrality. In either case, the offender shall also suffer the penalty of temporary special disqualification. Forging the Seal of the Government of the Philippine Islands, the Signature or Stamp of the Chief Executive. The provisions contained in the preceding paragraphs shall be made applicable to assessors, arbitrators, appraisal and claim commissioners, experts or any other persons performing public duties. - Any person who, by means of violence, shall seize anything belonging to his debtor for the purpose of applying the same to the payment of the debt, shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor in its minimum period and a fine equivalent to the value of the thing, but in no case less than 75 pesos. Monopolies and Combinations in Restraint of Trade. ARTICLE 18. No. - Any public officer who, before the acceptance of his resignation, shall abandon his office to the detriment of the public service shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor. — When the culprit has to serve two or more penalties, he shall serve them simultaneously if the nature of the penalties will so permit; otherwise, said penalties shall be executed successively, following the order of their respective severity, which shall be determined in accordance with the following scale: A person sentenced to destierro who is also sentenced to the penalty of prisión or arresto shall be required to serve these latter penalties before serving the penalty of destierro. In such cases if the defendant proves the truth of the imputation made by him, he shall be acquitted. Only when they have been committed with treachery ( alevosia ) its discovery case by the of. Making any alteration or intercalation in a private communication made by him he. 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